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SANGEA: Scalable and Attributed Network Generation

The topic of synthetic graph generators (SGGs) has recently received much attention due to the wave of the latest breakthroughs in generative modelling.

However, many state-of-the-art SGGs do not scale well with the graph size. Indeed, in the generation process, all the possible edges for a fixed number of nodes must often be considered, which scales in O(N^2), with N being the number of nodes in the graph. For this reason, many state-of-the-art SGGs do not apply to large graphs.

In this paper, we present SANGEA, a sizeable synthetic graph generation framework that extends the applicability of any SGG to large graphs. By first splitting the large graph into communities, SANGEA trains one SGG per community, then links the community graphs back together to create a synthetic large graph.

Our experiments show that the graphs generated by SANGEA have high similarity to the original graph, in terms of both topology and node feature distribution. Additionally, these generated graphs achieve high utility on downstream tasks such as link prediction. Finally, we provide a privacy assessment of the generated graphs to show that, even though they have excellent utility, they also achieve reasonable privacy scores.


Valentin Lemaire, Youssef Achenchabe, Lucas Ody, Houssem Eddine Souid, Gianmarco Aversano, Nicolas Posocco, Sabri Skhiri, SANGEA: Scalable and Attributed Network GenerationIn Proc. of The 15th Asian Conference on Machine Learning (ACML 2023), November 2023.


Click here to access the paper.

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